The very first official world session of the Seventh-day Adventist Church was a one-day meeting held on May 20, 1863, in Battle Creek, Michigan with 20 delegates present.
A total of 2,566 delegates will attend the 60th General Conference session in San Antonio, Texas, on July 2 to 11.
The delegates, who are sent as official representatives of the church as it is constituted in their locale, conduct the business of General Conference session. But just who are these delegates? How are they chosen? What are their responsibilities at a General Conference session as they function in their role?
The rules governing the selection of delegates are spelled out in the Constitution and Bylaws of the General Conference, which define the purposes and operations of the global church and those that govern a General Conference session.
In an attempt to divest the definition of a delegate and the description of their duties from the technical language found in what could be a rather complex narrative, this article will attempt to describe in broad strokes and approachable language what forms this functional body.
In broad terms the structure of the Adventist Church can be understood by knowing that members belong to congregations. Congregations within a specific geographic territory are organized into a local conference/mission or in some cases, a union of churches. Defined groups of local conferences or local missions comprise a union conference or union mission. Unions are the building blocks of the General Conference.
Terms like "mission" when attached to conferences and unions usually indicate that they are in a stage of development that has not reached full financial viability and self-sustenance.
Unions and divisions of the General Conference select delegates in harmony with regular delegate quotas and selection processes outlined in the Bylaws. Members of the General Conference Executive Committee are also delegates at a General Conference session.
The total number of delegates from each division must include at least 50 percent of the group being lay members, pastors, or other front line workers. A majority of that 50 percent must be laypersons.
There are two kinds of delegates: regular delegates and delegates-at-large. Regular delegates represent the General Conference member units as outlined in the bylaws.
Delegates-at-large represent the General Conference and its institutions as well as divisions and their institutions.
The entire delegation for a General Conference Session is comprised of:
Who are these delegates?
Here are some facts about the delegates at this GC session:
A question that is certain to be asked when reading statistics on gender representation is why is the percentage of female delegates so small when it is perceived that women are in the majority as pertains to church membership? While efforts are continually made to ensure that the entire delegation will be comprised of both genders, currently the positions from which these delegates are named and that generate the majority of delegates for the session are held by males. This will change over time as more women are elected to leadership positions and conference or union executive committee membership.
Regular delegates to the General Conference session are not selected by the General Conference itself but by unions and divisions around the world field. The individuals selected are the representatives of their various organizations to the General Conference session.
The executive committees of the unit that they represent select regular delegates. If the delegate represents a mission, the committee of the larger unit to which it is attached selects the delegate. These include a mix of lay people, pastors and teachers and church administrators.
Their job is to report to the session and be present during the business meetings to debate, discuss and vote on items that appear on the agenda. They must be members in regular standing of the Seventh-day Adventist Church and they are often chosen because of their demonstrated interest and involvement in the church.
In recent years the church has made special efforts to increase the numbers of young adults, women and frontline workers in the delegate mix.
Each delegate has a voice — meaning that they can come to the microphone and speak to the business that is under discussion. They also have vote — meaning they are able to vote on the item that is under discussion.
One-third of the total number of delegates must be present for the session to be able to declare a quorum and to conduct business.
Shortly after the General Conference session has officially begun, delegates will meet in a group, or a “caucus” — one group for each division and attached union and one group for the General Conference and those delegates-at-large that it specifically names according to Bylaws and Executive Committee provisions. The purpose of these groups is to choose members from each group who will serve on the Nominating Committee. The number of Nominating Committee members from each group is specifically defined in the Bylaws.
Delegates, both regular and at-large, approve the agenda of the session and they elect church leadership after receiving and considering reports from the Nominating Committee.
There are 2,566 people as delegates designated to conduct the business of determining the leadership for the General Conference and its divisions, the Fundamental Beliefs of the church, amendments to the Church Manual, and other matters that may be referred to the session by the General Conference Executive Committee.
Their most important business, however, and that of the church in general, will be to focus on the plans and presentations about sharing the mission of the church in lifting up Christ, His righteousness, His three angels’ messages, His evangelistic mission to the world and His soon second coming. The spiritual focus of the General Conference session is the most important aspect of its work — unifying God’s people to accomplish the final mission entrusted into their hands.
General Conference leadership has invited members around the world to participate in the 100 Days of Prayer campaign leading up to session. Members have been urged to pray for the falling of the latter rain of the Holy Spirit on the 2015 General Conference session. This is the greatest work of the session — for those making decisions on behalf of the church to humble themselves before God and receive His unifying power to accomplish God’s mission for the world.