I’m very worried about the new virus beginning to make its way around the world. Can we avoid being infected?
In December 2019, a new and aggressive form of respiratory infection was discovered in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, and recently has been named COVID–19. The virus is a corona virus and of the same family as the virus that caused the SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) epidemic in 2002-2003.
Transmission occurs through droplets spread when infected people cough or sneeze, and it gains access to the body through the respiratory tract (lungs). The symptoms include fever, cough, muscle pain, shortness of breath, and fatigue; some patients may have diarrhea, and others very mild to no symptoms at all. Progression of the disease may lead to severe pneumonia with lung-tissue destruction and death. It has spread outside of China, and there’s no way of predicting how widespread and severe this outbreak may yet become. Many countries have placed measures in place to contain the spread, including making this a quarantinable disease.
The infectious period is between two and 14 days. The time period for quarantine (isolation from others) is two weeks.
No vaccine is yet available, and treatment is symptomatic. No known COVID-19 antiviral medications are presently available. The production of a vaccine—although a priority—may take up to a year to prove efficacy and safety. Those who haven’t been immunized against influenza seem to have more severe symptoms and worse outcomes. It’s difficult to accurately assess the death rate from COVID-19 as not every case has been reported, but it’s presently estimated at 2 percent.
Please practice the standard universal precautions:
If you think you’ve been exposed by travel or contact with an affected individual, seek advice from your primary-care physician. Be sure to disclose your travel history. There’s global awareness, and this isn’t the time to panic; but rather to quietly trust in God.
For more information:
Peter N. Landless, a board-certified nuclear cardiologist, is director of Adventist Health Ministries at the General Conference.
Zeno L. Charles-Marcel, a board-certified internist, is an associate director of Adventist Health Ministries at the General Conference.