religious leaders are appealing for an end to violence against Muslims in the
Central African Republic as thousands flee to neighboring Chad and Cameroon.
recent weeks, a pro-Christian militia known as anti-Balaka (or anti-machete)
has killed and mutilated Muslims as they have tried to leave the capital Bangui
by the truckload.
had enjoyed some protection when Michel Djotodia, the country’s first interim
Muslim president, was in power. Djotodia resigned under pressure in January and
Catherine Samba-Panza was appointed the interim president.
Earlier, Djotodia’s Seleka Islamist
coalition faced accusations of atrocities against Christians. His departure did
not stop revenge attacks. “We are horrified by these killings in the Central
African Republic,” said Sheikh Saliou Mbacke, the coordinator of Inter-Faith
Action for Peace in Africa. “We appeal to both groups to cease the attacks and
live side by side as they have done for many years.”
Mbacke, a Muslim leader from the
Muridiya Sufi community of Senegal, said it was disturbing that the violence
threatens to expel all Muslims from CAR. “This is clearly manipulation of
religion for some political gains, which must be rejected in Africa,” he said.
With the escalating violence,
International Criminal Court Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda said the plight of
civilians in CAR has gone from bad to worse since September 2012. Bensouda
announced preliminary investigations by the court based at The Hague for war
crimes and crimes against humanity. She said the victims had been deliberately
targeted on religious grounds.
The international community must move
quickly to find an immediate solution to the violence, or it may become too
late, said Sheikh Hamid Byamugenzi, a religious studies lecturer at Uganda’s
“I know Muslims in other countries are
pronouncing jihad on behalf of their Muslim brothers being massacred in Central
Africa. If this is not stopped now, it will spread religious hate and tension
across Africa. It will (result in) counterattacks that will be difficult to
stop,” he observed.
According to Archbishop Nestor Desire
Nongo-Aziagbia of Bossangoa, disarming the militia groups has been the biggest
challenge. The fighters have failed to surrender the arms, despite an ongoing
Muslims make up 15 percent of CAR’s
population. Christians comprise 50 percent; the rest are of various native
faiths. More than 800,000 people have been displaced in the fighting. According
to the United Nations, more than 2,000 have been killed there since March.